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Science and technology in Venezuela | Wikipedia audio article

Science and Technology in Venezuela includes research based on exploring Venezuela’s diverse ecology in the lives of its indigenous peoples under the Spanish rule the monarchy made very little effort to promote education in the American colonies and in particular in those in which they had less commercial interest as in Venezuela the country only had its first University some 200 years later than Mexico Colombia or Peru the first Studies on the native languages of Venezuela and the indigenous customs were made in the middle of the 18th century by the Catholic missionaries the Italian Jesuit Filippo salvitore Gilley was one of the first to theorize about linguistic relations and propose possible language families for the Orinoco River Basin the Swedish botanist pear Laughlin one of the Twelve Apostles of Carl Linnaeus classification for the first time the excellent tropical flora of the Orinoco River Basin in the nineteenth century several scientists visited Venezuela such as alexander humboldt amy bond plant Agostino code at sea jean-baptiste boo singer Mariano Rivera francois de pons Robert Herman Schaumburg Wilhelm severs Karl Ferdinand apon Gustav Karsten Adolf Ernst Benedict Rosal Karl Moritz Friedrich Gauss dacha Anton Goering Johann Gottlieb Benjamin Siegert Alfred Russel Wallace Jane Chaffin Jon Amiel Arthur – ah Jules crevo and many others some of whom are buried in Venezuela the Venezuelan Institute for scientific research Ivy IC founded on February 9th 1959 by government decree has its origins in the venezuelan institute of neurology and brain research IV n IC which dr.

Humberto Fernandes Moran founded in 1955 other major research institutions include the Central University of Venezuela and the University of the Andes Venezuela notable Venezuelan scientists include nineteenth-century physician Jose Maria Vargas the chemist Vicente marcano and the botanist and geographer Alfredo yarn 1867 to 1940 more recently baruj Bennett sheriff shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or medicine August oppai Sonia 1955 Aristides bass treatise 1980 Marcel Roche 1987 and maricella Salvatierra 2002 have been recipients of UNESCO ‘s Kalinga prize for promotion of the public understanding of science on July 2nd 2012 L Rafael Reif a Venezuelan American electrical engineer inventor and academic administrator was elected president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology topic biology topic ecology pay Laughlin Topher’s Brooke gave la sweeden January 31st 1729 San Antonio del Corona guana Venezuela February 22nd 1756 Swedish botanist who studied at the University of Uppsala where he attended courses taught by Carl Linnaeus when the Spanish ambassador at Stockholm asked Linnaeus to select a botanist for service in the American colonies the professor at once named laughing he went to Spain in 1751 to learn Spanish and then embarked with other scientists for Venezuela in February 1754 in commander he had entire charge of the Department of Natural History and was assisted by two young Spanish doctors he introduced the first microscope in Venezuela his premature or death was considered a great loss to Natural History and especially to botany Linnaeus believed the loss irreparable the manuscripts of Laughlin which were found after his death were preserved by his two assistants and Linnaeus posthumously published his Ida Hispanic am Ella recitals spans colon Dan a UTI Europa Oak America till 1756 in 1758 Park a laughing in Theo Dada Greiner Venezuela is named after him Henry Francois Padilla August 13th 1857 Beck’s Switzerland January 27 1952 aqus Venezuela was a Swiss born geographer and botanist he graduated as an engineer from the University of Jena and moved to Costa Rica in 1887 where he founded the physical Geographic Institute and an herbarium piteå arrived in Venezuela in 1917 where he classified more than 30,000 plants and devoted many years to studying the flora and fauna in the country in 1937 had achieved the creation of the Rancho Grand National Park north of Maracay a ragout estate the first National Park of Venezuela the plant general P Tierra now considered a synonym of Polly Clara PT Ella now considered a synonym of Krypto syndrome and pity our awesomeness now considered a synonym of an fedosya and named after him his name is also associated with pity as crab-eating rat eke theame spitieri in 1953 the Rancho Grande National Park was renamed in his honor as Henry Padilla National Park William H Phelps New York June 14 18 75 caracas december 8 1965 was an american ornithologist and businessman he studied biology at Milton Academy and Harvard College in the summer of 1896 he decided to go on an honor theological exploration to Venezuela following the advice of Wirt Robinson who had visited Margarita Island the year before and from his mentor Frank M Chapman after a long stay in Sucre and monica’s he became fascinated with the country and its birds he returned to the United States with a small collection of specimens that he brought to Chapman at the American Museum of Natural History the specimens he collected became the basis for his first publication published with Chapman in 1897 once he finished his studies at Harvard Phelps return to Venezuela in 1897 to marry Alicia Elvira Tucker and settle in mato rain there he began one of many successful business ventures by selling coffee and in 1930 founded radio Caracas radio in 1938 he founded the Phelps collection considered the largest ornithological collection in Latin America and the largest private collection in the world it is a mandatory study resource on tropical birds for experts who wish to know more about this area currently the Phelps collection has a heritage of 80 thousand birds in feathers a thousand preserved in alcohol and 1,500 skeletons his second son William H Phelps jr.

Became one of his foremost collaborators in all matters concerning ornithology hermano gains Bilbao 1912 Caracas 2011 born under the name of Pablo Mendes in soto hermano gains arrived in Caracas in 1939 when Venezuela who worked from the lethargy of the long gama sister dictatorship poverty and illiteracy were combined with epidemics when oil seemed to give a new impetus to the country it is thus that hermano gains creator of the LaSalle foundation of natural sciences together with committed young students of the college LaSalle created in 1940 the Society of Natural Sciences LaSalle from which the foundation LaSalle was born in 1957 these visionaries sowed the seed of science knowledge and education in a country urged by likes several new Cleo’s today rooted in most places of Venezuela serving its people in its environment Leandro eres de Goya de grâce I party 1923 caracas 2012 botanist graduated at the Central University of Venezuela in 1959 participated in the design of the park of the East now Park generalize Omo Francisco de Miranda together with Brazilian landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx Fernando de Bora and John Stoddard who combined the majesty of the national flora with a small but very zoological collection individual number of the Academy of physical mathematical and Natural Sciences having been first vice-president 1997 to 2001 and president 2001 to 2003 in his honor was designated a Hall of the Faculty of Sciences of the Central University of Venezuela doctor honoris causa of the university of cara barber francisco may go lechea to Marama bowl of our state venezuela May 21st 1931 puerto la cruz and aggi State Venezuela On February 27 2004 mego was a distinguished Venezuelan ecologist who specialized in electric fish of the rivers and lagoons of South America particularly of Venezuela his education was docent in biology and chemistry graduate from the instituto pedagogical caracas today universidad pedagogical experimental el Libertador master of Sciences marine biology from the University of Miami Florida USA dr.

In sciences from Universidad central de Venezuela his doctoral thesis was entitled lost pcs Jim nota forms de Venezuela un estudio preliminarily revision del grupo in LA America del Sur the Jim no deforms fish of Venezuela a preliminary study for the revision of the group in South America Mego was a founding member of the Institute of Oceanography code la Universidad de Oriente in commonness Sucre state Venezuela and a founding member of the instituto de zoological eyes ET de la universidad central de Venezuela situated in Caracas Venezuela he was a teacher of the chair of animal biology vertebrate biology and systematic theology at the biology school of Sciences Faculty of the Universidad central de Venezuela he was director of the Museo de biological a Universidad central de Venezuela MBU CV and a queue area Augustine code at sea he was editor of the actor biologic of Venezuela car ABV in 1968 he founded the Mako collection of MBU CV considered the largest ecological collection in Latin America currently the Mako collection has a heritage of 33,000 fishes preserved in alcohol and skeletons gustavo adolfo romero born in caracas in 1955 botanist graduated at Central University of Venezuela has a PhD at Harvard University where he also works as research specialist and curator of herbarium orchid Oakes Ames replaces Leslie ager I Romero has an important contribution with 248 records on identification and classification of new species of orchid ACI which regularly publish in Noven Harvard PAP but botanical explorer monographic system botanical missouri botanic garden collection of orchids brazil Brittany ah Selby Anna orchid II orchids Venezuela Lindley Anna part of the editors at Lancaster Rihanna and the Botanical Institute of Venezuela some publications include G carnevale GA Romero Gonzalez orchid ACI 1991 dance de valera my ain you dry Adela from Venezuelan Guana Noven volume 1 number 2 PP 73 to 75 Leslie ager I GA Romero Gonzalez shady early 1998 or Kadhim 10 PP Romero Gonzales gar G Carnevale Fernandes conquer 2000 orchids in Venezuela an illustrated field guide 2nd ed our Matano editors Caracas 364 PP g Carnevale I Ramirez GA Romero Gonzales CA vargas ‘if old it’s 2003 orchid ACI pp 202 619 PE berry at al Edie flora a Venezuelan Guana volume 7 Missouri Botanic Garden sent Louie the Guerra marrow abbreviation is used to indicate the author when citing a botanical name Niklaus Grunwald born in Caracas in 1965 Venezuelan American biologist and plant pathologist of German and Swiss ancestry he obtained a Bachelor of Science in plant science at University of California Davis UC Davis in 1992 he completed his PhD in ecology and plant pathology in 1997 at UC Davis studying the effect of cover crop decomposition on soil nutrient cycling and soil microbiology Grunwald pursued postdoctoral research at Cornell University his academic research focuses on the evolution genomics and ecology of plant pathogens in the genus Phytophthora and management of the diseases they caused this pathogen group includes some of the most costly diseases affecting crops and ecosystems these pathogens have well-characterized effectors to circumvent plant hosts recognition that in the genus Phytophthora include our XLR crinkle and other small secreted proteins grunwald is best known for providing novel insights into how plant pathogens emerge methods to study pathogen evolution particularly when populations are clonal and characterizing the evolutionary history of Phytophthora pathogens he is currently working with the USDA Agricultural Research Service a professor courtesy in the Department of botany and plant pathology at Oregon State University and a professor adjunct in the Department of Plant Pathology and plant microbiology at Cornell University topic epidemiology bluie Daniel bow pathway Basseterre Guadalupe France August 25th 1808 Demerara British Guiana September 3rd 1871 was a venezuelan french physician who made important contributions to the study of the causes of infectious diseases such as yellow fever malaria and leprosy he was the first to systematically argue that malaria and yellow fever were transmitted by mosquitoes he studied medicine at the Paris Faculty of Medicine and obtained his MD in 1837 he was immediately appointed by the Paris Museum of Natural History as are travelling naturalist to work in Orinoco Basin Venezuela he was one of the earliest scientists to observe microorganism using microscopy in relation to diseases in 1838 he developed a theory that all infectious diseases were due to parasitic infection with animalcules microorganisms with the help of his friend emma del de Rossville he presented his theory in a formal presentation before the French Academy of Sciences in Paris he suspected that mosquitoes were the carriers of the infectious pathogens including those of leprosy in 1842 he worked at the facultad médica de caracas Caracas Medical School in 1850 he became professor of anatomy at the School of Medicine of the College of kumano he was appointed the director of the leper hospital in Demerara in British Guiana the post he held till his death by 1853 he was convinced that malaria and yellow fever were spread by mosquitoes he even identified the particular group of mosquitoes that transmit yellow fever as their domestic species of striped legged mosquito which can be recognized as a HEDIS Egypt II the actual vector he published his theory in 1854 in the caseta official de kamana Official Gazette of kamana his reports were assessed by an official Commission which discarded his mosquito theory only after 1891 with the works of Carlos Finlay his investigations are reviewed with seriousness a hospital in Basseterre called the Center Hospital yo Louie Daniel Bo pathway was established in 1959 in his honor Raphael Rangel Betty Jacque 1877 caracas 1909 venezuelan scientist and researcher who devoted himself to tropical diseases he is considered the father of parasitology and bio analysis in Venezuela he is famous for being the first to describe in Venezuela the Nicator americanus parasite that caused hookworm between 1903 and 1904 as a researcher in 1902 Rangel was appointed first director of the laboratory of histology and bacteriology of Vargas Hospital in 1908 at the request of President cheap Riano Castro he was in charge of the sanitary campaign to eradicate bubonic plague in La Guaira a year later after falling into depression by several problems that arose during the plague and by the refusal to along for scholarship abroad he committed suicide with cyanide his remains were buried in the national pantheon on August 20th 1977 arnold o Gabaldon trujillo March 1st 1909 Caracas September 1st 1990 was a physician researcher and politician graduated in 1928 earned a doctorate in medical sciences at the Universidad central de Venezuela in Germany completed a specialty at the Institute for maritime and tropical diseases of Hamburg later traveling in 1935 to the United States as a fellow of the Rockefeller Foundation to obtain a doctorate from Johns Hopkins University in hygiene sciences with speciality in protozoa AG back in Venezuela he was appointed to head the newly created special Directorate of Malaya ecology within the Ministry of Health and Welfare a position he held until 1950 under the direction of Gabaldon Venezuela became the first country which organized a nationwide campaign against malaria by using DDT which led to be the first to achieve eradication of the disease in a large area extension of the tropical zone he also discovered new species of malaria parasites and devoted himself to studying the mosquito Anopheles Nunez Davari action that catalyzed the recognition of educational needs and preparing managerial staff of the Ministry of Health through the creation of the school that bears his name in Maracay a deep and additional contribution between 1959 and 1964 president rómulo betancourt appointed him Minister of Health and Welfare and Gabaldon he was the first professor of the Simon Bolivar chair of Latin American Studies at the University of Cambridge England 1968-69 and directed postdoctoral studies at the Central University of Venezuela Gabaldon wrote more than 200 papers published in national and international medical journals Gabaldon was active as an expert of the World Health Organization who for malaria control in countries from five continents jacinto combat Caracas September 11th 1913 Caracas May 12 2014 was a physician and researcher known for developing a vaccine to fight leprosy and his studies to cure different types of cancer in 1987 he received the Prince of Asturias Award in the scientific and technical research category inspired by leprosy victims he entered medical school at Central University of Venezuela ucv in 1932 he earned his title as a medical science doctor in 1938 in 1968 convert was elected president of the International leprosy Association ela and was re-elected in 1973 in 1971 convert was named by the who as director of the co-operative Center for the Study and histological classification of leprosy in 1976 convert was elected director of the pan-american research and training in leprosy and tropical diseases he was also named president of the International Journal of leprosy in 1987 convert had had killed Mycobacterium leprae to the BCG vaccine the combined vaccine was tested worldwide but was not more effective than regular BCG a vaccine for leishmaniasis was later developed using convex method he also worked on mycosis on cosec Isis and other tropical diseases in 1988 the Venezuelan government nominated convert for a Nobel Prize in medicine for his experimental anti leprosy vaccine Felix Pavano San Felipe yarek we may 1st 1912 to August 8 2003 was a Venezuelan physician and researcher graduated in the Central University of Venezuela 1935 and laureate of the National Academy of Medicine in Paris back in Jarek we he practiced tropical medicine with enrique Tahara in the institute that he had founded ten years earlier treating diseases such as leishmaniasis tuberculosis diarrhea and malaria together with arnold o Gabaldon he traveled through Central America in 1938 to follow the work of the Rockefeller Foundation in Costa Rica and Panama with this training he worked with Gabaldon in the newly created venezuelan institute of malaria Logie leading the effort to eradicate the yellow fever of venezuela in that position along with Martin Maher founded the research section of the National Institute of Hygiene in Caracas in his recently founded section he studied chagas disease– Trypanosoma r Angele cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis intestinal and hepatic amoebiasis schistosomiasis honk psychosis systemic mycoses malnutrition and poisonous animals during the dictatorship of Marcos pérez jiménez signed a document prepared by Arturo usely Petri that forces him to exile in Mexico where he studied cardiology with the fall of the Venezuelan dictator – Oh returned to Venezuela and founded the Institute of Tropical Medicine of the ucv and directed it for almost 50 years this Institute earned him immense affection from his disciples and respect in all spheres of national society topic microbiology Manuel Nunez Tovar que Cara Monica’s September 24 1872 Maracay era guar Dan uary 27 1928 was naturalist researcher parasitologist and entomologist Nunez Tovar began his studies at caiçara and later continued in Mattern where he graduated from high school at age 16 the first two years studied medicine at the federal college of Barcelona and gained the title at the Central University of Venezuela in 1895 in 1909 with says afla Marek and Rafael Nunez I Sava he was part of the Public Health Commission and that same year he began his studies in entomology in this discipline studied the importance of insects as vectors in the transmission of diseases was the author of numerous papers and identified Nicator americanus as the cause of anemia in patients who had suffered from malaria after 20 years in Monica’s state Nunez Tovar lived temporarily in Caracas and la victoria settling permanently in morocco after being appointed medical brigade in the garrison of the city during this time many animal species collected in the valleys of irregular and around the lake Valencia Venezuela Nunez never left Venezuela but scientists visited the country to personally know the voluminous scientific work included the discovery of several species of mosquitoes that carry his name for his scientific Leggett a high school and university hospital of Mattern were named in his honor and his entomology collection was acquired by the government of Venezuela this is preserved in the department of malaria OG and environmental sanitation Ministry of Health of Maracay Jose Francisco Torrealba Santa Maria de I pyre June 16th 1896 Caracas July 24th 1973 graduated at the Central University of Venezuela as doctor of Medical Sciences in 1922 he served as director of the at SIA loader Energon ADO’s in Caracas 1924 to 1927 in Germany visit the Institute of tropical diseases Hamburg in 1928 since 1929 he studied with dedication the most frequent tropical diseases in the Venezuelan central plains malaria Chagas bull haji OSIS intestinal parasitosis elephantiasis leishmaniasis with special attention to Chagas disease he published numerous scientific works that make him an international personality in tropical medicine even without postgraduate studies it is visited by important scientists such as Cecilia Romagna Argentina Maria and Leonidas dn Antonio – EO Franco do amaral Emanuel Dias Brazil jaqen egg me Chile Emil Brandt and Jean coup de France enrique Tahera arnold o Gabaldon Humberto Fernandez Moran Felix Pavano Otto Hernandez Peretti josé Vicente Scorza Venezuela he received numerous week knowledge mints Vargas prize Brault prize awarded by the Academy of Medicine of Paris order of the Liberator degree commander applause of the creole petroleum corporation honorary professor of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Los Andes corresponding member of the National Academy of Medicine member of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and hygiene London illustrious son of Santa Maria di pyre and raised below order post mortem in the honour band class topic immunology Miguel lares Caracas 1919 Caracas 2002 he obtained his doctor of Medical Sciences degree from the Central University of Venezuela in 1943 he completed his postgraduate studies at the Institute of pathological anatomy at Vargas Hospital and New England Medical Center in Boston in 1949 he returned to Venezuela to devote himself to teaching and research he was professor of the Central University 1944 to 1980 head of the research center of the blood bank 1952 to 1961 researcher of the venezuelan institute of scientific research IV IC 1961 to 1990 in his investigative activity on immuno hematology and nutritional anemia he made important scientific findings at the national and international levels such as the diego blood factor and the use of precooked maize flour enriched with iron vitamin A and beta carotenes that favor the absorption of iron as a vehicle to decrease the rates of anemia of the population throughout his career he served as president of the National Council for scientific and technological research 1972 to 1975 was head of the research center of the blood bank 1952 to 1961 head of the department of pathophysiology of IV IC 1961 to 69 rector of the Central University of Venezuela 1976 to 1980 and director of the Venezuelan institute of scientific research 1980 to 1984 baruj Bennett Sheriff Caracas October 29th 1920 Jamaica Plain Massachusetts USA August 2nd 2011 was a Venezuelan born American immunologist who shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or medicine for the discovery of the major histocompatibility Pat ability complex genes which encode cell surface protein molecules important for the immune systems distinction between self and non-self his colleagues and shared recipients were Jean Dorsett and George Davis no raymundo villages Caracas September 14 1931 Caracas October 21st 2014 venezuelan physician researcher and scientist graduated at the Central University of Venezuela thanks to the support of the Mendoza foundation between 1956 and 1958 he was a research fellow in the laboratory of biophysics at Harvard Medical School as student and graduate he participated between 1952 and 1957 in the Institute of medical research of the Luis Roche foundation in this institution he carried out research on the mechanical resistance of tissues to know the effect of various substances on elasticity which could have interesting repercussions on various diseases affecting tissue such as varicose veins or pulmonary emphysema in 1958 he was a researcher at the venezuelan institute of scientific research IV IC in charge of the biophysics laboratory during this stage he concentrated on the biophysical and biochemical characterization of the peripheral nerve membranes especially the nerve fibers of squid and sea lobster and the sodium channel present in these membranes from 1982 he continued his research from the molecular biology unit of the institute of advanced studies idea deepening the study of neurotoxins in the molecular biology of neuronal differentiation and phylogenetics of neurons director of the venezuelan institute of scientific research 1969 to 1974 in 1979 he was appointed as the first minister of science and technology by the president luis herrera Campins Jose Esparza born in Maracaibo on December 9 is a venezuelan american virologist appointed as president of the global virus network since january 2016 he is known for his efforts to promote the international development and testing of vaccines against hiv/aids during 17 years till 1985 he pursued an academic career at the venezuelan institute for scientific research IV IC from 1986 to 2014 he worked continuously as a viral vaccine expert and senior public health advisor for international health policy agencies such as the World Health Organization the joint United Nations program on hiv/aids and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Jose G Esparza is currently an adjunct professor of medicine at the Institute of human biology University of Maryland School of Medicine topic chemistry topic electrochemistry Benjamin Sherif Kapaa dulski born in Buenos Aires Argentina September 21st 1953 chérif car migrated with his Jewish family to Venezuela when he was 4 years old graduated in chemistry from the universidad simon bolivar 1976 had a PhD in physio chemistry from the University of Southampton 1980 professor emeritus of Simon Bolivar University where he was head of the Department of Chemistry 1987 to 1989 Dean of research and development 1992 to 1996 vice rector of administration 2001 to 2005 and rector 2005 to 2009 coordinator of the nuclei of scientific humanistic and technological development councils 1994 to 1996 deputy director of the hydrogen Research Center at Texas A&M University 1984 to 1986 visiting professor at the universities of Southampton 1988 and Bristol 2009 director of National Council for scientific and technological research 1994 to 1999 secretary-general Caracas chapter Venezuelan Association for the Advancement of science 2001 his investigation lines interest is interfacial electrochemistry including kinetics of electrochemical reactions phase formation conducting polymers energy conversion and environmental sanitation author of more than 100 publications in the international scientific literature and three patents of invention registered in several countries he has received among other awards the Tajima award from the International Society of electrochemistry 1986 Lorenzo Mandir a flurry award from the Empress’s polar foundation 1993 number individual of the Academy of physical mathematical and Natural Sciences since 2003 president 2009 to 2011 member of the Academy of Sciences of Latin America since 2003 fellow of the Academy of Sciences of the developing world twas since 2009 vice rector academic 2010 and rector since 2011 of the Metropolitan University Caracas topic food chemistry vicente marcano caracas October 27th 1848 Valencia July 17 1891 was an outstanding engineer chemist geologist University professor and scientific disseminator graduated in philosophical sciences at the Central University of Venezuela he continued his education at the French school of st.

Louis at the institution de vino Delano and at the School of Arts and manufacturers of Paris in 1887 he was appointed as chief of the Anthropology Commission who conducted archaeological expeditions of Lake Valencia May to June the Orinoco August December the casted formations in the monoghan State and Falcon at the end of 1889 in these explorations Carlos Villanueva alfredo yarn and Bonifacio marcano also participated archaeological objects collected were sent to Paris and today are in the Museum of Man his exploration work served as a basis for the ethnological work of his brother Gaspar marcano author of elements of chemical philosophy where he defended the atomic theory 1881 wrote about his investigations in the NL of the science agronomic front says a tetran je bulletin of the society jimick de France and the Comte rendus with wide popularization in Germany England United States and Venezuela his main interest was the study of the fermentation of tropical fruits the nitrated lands and the industrialization of sugar cane in 1891 he founded the municipal laboratory in Caracas later converted into the National Laboratory his most important discovery was bromelain a proteolytic enzyme extracted from pineapple juice his remains were buried in the National Pantheon on July 10th 1991 werner Yaffa Frankfurt October 27 1914 Caracas may 3rd 2009 was a chemist and university professor he received his doctoral degree at the University of Zurich under the supervision of the Nobel Prize winner Paul Carra after graduating Yaffa arrived in Venezuela in 1940 and showed interest in the area of nutrition focusing his attention on food toxicity nutrient complementation presence of anti-nutritional factors in edible legumes seeds presence of selenium in food and enrichment of flowers with minerals and vitamins he was co-author of the lactobacillus norm EULA for Scholars Children’s he started the teaching of biochemistry at the Venezuela Central University and founded the instituto nacional de nutrition he was co-founder of the Venezuelan Association for the Advancement of science in 1946 he received a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation and among several science prizes he was awarded the Premio nacional de ciencia co nici t in 1978 during the 50 years that he taught at the college level he also published over 200 academic papers and was named honorary professor at the Simon Bolivar University topic in organic chemistry Manuel Palacio Fajardo majagual 1784 Angostura 1819 Venezuelan lawyer physician chemist diplomatic and politician graduated at the University of Santa Fe Viceroyalty of New Granada when the independence movement exploded in 1810 was practicing its profession as physician in Gwang re the province of Barinas elected him as his deputy to the first Constituent Congress of Venezuela and as such signed on July 5th 1811 the absolute independence from Spanish rule in 1812 after the fall of First Republic he was exiled to United Provinces of the New Granada the patriotic government of Cartagena de Indias commissioned him with Pedro guell as diplomats to seek foreign support for the Spanish American independence cause they arrived in Washington in December 1812 and although they meet with the President James Madison this indicated that the United States could not take part in the war by the no aggression agreement signed with Spain under Neutrality Act 1794 during his stay in Europe he studied chemistry and perfected his medical knowledge back in Venezuela was elected deputy is witness of exception of the installation of the Congress of Angostura the February 15th 1819 a few days later the Liberator Simon Bolivar appointed him as secretary of state of Colombia but he is seriously Hill and does not assume the charge because he died on May 8th 1819 in London he published several articles on Natural Sciences three unknown on the exploitation of carbonates of sodium in the Euroleague une of merida province 1816 notes on the main circumstances of the earthquake of caracas 1817 and a geographic description of valley of cuecard 1817 his remains were buried in the national pantheon on August 21st 8 seventy-six rodolfo low arrow Arizmendi rio Caribe sucre September 26th 1896 Caracas March 6 1987 he was son of Domenico lo arrow Luigi an Italian immigrant an NS Maria Arizmendi Laurette he completed studies at the Central University of Venezuela gained the title of Oden tal ageist in 1917 he then pursued his studies graduating from chemistry at the University of Surrey Spain back in Caracas he attended the chemistry chart at the Central University of Venezuela he was notable for his educational contributions to this university as well as other educational institutions such as las Dos Caminos College the Sucre College national pedagogical Institute and the Lyceum Furman Toro he founded and directed for more than 35 years the first school of industrial chemistry in Venezuela and in 1943 founded the instituto universitário tecnológico Rodolfo Loara Arizmendi I UTI r-la he worked with the first procedures of color photography in the National photographic laboratory topic organic chemistry August Obon @c Rome December 1890 Caracas March 1974 burn at sea studied chemistry in the Universities of Naples and earth sciences in university of rome from 1911 to 1924 he worked as researcher at Worcester experimental agricultural station in Ohio United States in 1926 moved to Havana Cuba and became director of the sugarcane Experimental Station of the American Sugar Refining Company in 1937 he arrived in Venezuela as a researcher at the chemistry laboratory at the El Valle experimental station and later was nominated director of the Research Service of the Ministry of Agriculture in Caracas founded the school of agriculture and zoo techni of the Central University of Venezuela that soon would become the Faculty of agronomic engineering he was professor of chemistry of the Faculty of pharmacy of the ucv and when the Faculty of Sciences was created in 1958 he became professor of the School of Chemistry of which he was director until he’s dead in 1974 he was also founder of the Venezuelan Society of Chemistry in 1938 where it publishes an important number of articles of scientific diffusion in magazines and newspapers of national coverage Bern at C was member of the Special Committee for the standardization of methods of edifact microbiology of the International Society of pathology and candidate for the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1969 dr.

Bennett C founded the studies in geochemistry in Venezuela throughout his career opened lines of research that still persist in the Institute of Earth Sciences the former Institute of chemistry that he directed since 1964 and which formed a considerable number of professionals in that area Oscar Grunwald Graz 1895 caracas 1978 austrian venezuelan chemist officer of the austro-hungarian during the First World War 1915 to 1918 graduated in chemical engineering from the Polytechnic Institute Technische Hochschule ER in Graz Austria 1922 he worked as laboratory technician in the potash mines Keller work be grounds line Berg grass Alban Germany and Riva fabrics AG Vienna Austria and Poland in 1927 emigrated to Dominican Republic contracted by jawbone Rosanna Durst LCI Bao and the National Laboratory of the Secretary of Health and Welfare he arrived in Venezuela in 1930 in the group of foreign scientists under contract to develop the agriculture in this country from 1930 to 1937 he worked at the chemical laboratory for the Directorate of Health after 1931 Ministry of Health and agriculture and breeding and from 1937 as director of the laboratory of agricultural chemistry later department and division of chemistry of the Agriculture Directorate of the Ministry of Agriculture and breeding Mac in the period 1937 to 1953 he was a professor of chemistry at the School of Agriculture later the Faculty of agronomic engineering of the Central University of Venezuela and one of the founders of the faculty along with Ludwig Schnee Augusto burn at sea Luis Maria la Zout and Jaime henna Jaramillo among others he was a founding member of the Venezuela Symphony Orchestra created in 1930 played first solo violist at honorum until 1947 until his last year’s he made quartets with pedro antonio rios Rainer Renato Bell Archie Jose Antonio Escobar Salazar and Soriano Rothman he was an ordinary member of the Venezuelan Association of Engineers see IV the Venezuelan Society of Natural Sciences and the American Chemical Society and a founding member of the Venezuelan Chemical Society a convinced environmentalist Grunwald worked on studies on Lake Valencia katia Lamar and the use of coumarine in 1955 was a precursor of the moron petrochemical complex he died in Caracas on September 13 1978 Gioconda Cantu de san blas born in caracas in 1943 graduated in chemistry ucv 1967 PhD biochemistry heriot-watt University Edinburgh Scotland 1972 emeritus titular researcher venezuelan institute of scientific research IV i see where she did her full scientific career 1972 to 2010 in the field of biochemistry and cell biology of pathogenic fungi she is the author of more than 130 publications in specialized international journals author of three books on pathogenic fungi published by k-stew Academic Press Norfolk UK between 2004 and 2008 in 2009 she was elected as the first woman president of the Academy of Sciences of Venezuela topic engineering topic civil engineering Alfredo yarn Caracas 1867 Caracas 1942 finished his studies at the Central University of Venezuela in 1886 the following year he participated in the preliminary studies for the construction of a major railroad between Caracas and Valencia with extension to San Carlos as a civil engineer he worked with civil engineer and lawyer German Jimenez in the national plan of highways and railroads of Venezuela by order of the national government he was responsible for the construction of the railroad from Caracas to Valencia he also built the highway from Caracas to Elgin Quito in 1887 he accompanied the Venezuelan chemist Vicente marcano on a scientific expedition to the upper Orinoco River sent by President Antonio Guzman Blanco the trip provided geographical positions and a collection of plants and archaeological objects found today in United States and Germany as a geographer he identified the levels of the lake of Valencia it’s tributaries River and determined all the heights of the range of the coast he lived with the Orinoco Basin indigenous people and wrote books on their customs and dialects as a botanist he classified many plants in Venezuela donated rare specimen samples to the Smithsonian Institution and wrote a book on the palms of Venezuela the palms of the flora Venezuela Caracas 1908 in 1911 he became the first person to ascend pico Humboldt in the Sierra Nevada de Merida in Venezuela as founding member of the Sociedad Venice Alana Dickens’s Naturals Venezuelan Society of Natural Sciences was its president in 1935 and 1937 he received an honorary Doctorate from the University of Hamburg and the medal of the Berlin geographical society he received the order of the Liberator the alfredo yarn cave in miranda is named for him it is the sixth largest in the country topic hydraulic engineering Ignacio Rodriguez atop Maracaibo zuly estate 1942 is a venezuelan hydrologist graduated from the University of Zulia as a civil engineer studied at Caltech earning his PhD at Colorado State University in 1967 Rodriguez Iturbe has taught at many universities including the University of Zulia Simon Bolivar University MIT Texas A&M and the University of Iowa he was awarded with the Robert Horton medal 1998 the Stockholm water prize 2002 and the William BAU a medal 2009 he has been a member of the US National Committee for the International Institute for applied systems analysis since 2004 in 2008 he received a special recognition from the World Cultural Council in 2010 was elected as member of the United States National Academy of Sciences and was appointed by pope benedict xvi to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences he currently serves as the james s mcdonnell distinguished University professor at Princeton University topic food engineering Carlos rubra check Prager 1916 Caracas 2004 check master Brewer of Jewish origin in 1937 emigrated to Ecuador after the occupation of his country by Adolf Hitler troops on January 1st 1943 he joined the polar group of Venezuela founded in 1941 by Lorenzo Alejandro Mendoza Fleury four months after his entry Ruba check raised the board of directors the need to change the formula of the beer as it detected that the consumer wanted a product more refreshing and so adapted to the Venezuelan palette and our tropical climate then decided to make a variation in the ingredients of the beer replaced 20% of the malted barley with corn flakes also known as beer chips and add more carbon dioxide so he managed to reformulate the polar beer adapting it to the consumers tastes printing in an unrivaled body and flavor this led her quickly to occupy the first place in the preference of Venezuelans in 1954 created the process to produce the cornflake for polar group in order to substitute the import of this raw material counting by then with three brewing plants in operation and being the Corn Flakes one of the main ingredients of the beer formula the company decided to build its own corn processing plant in term era a ragout estate this decision would be a decisive step in the later development of the food business the precooked maize flour herring a PA n for the era pass Ruba checked old when had the idea of making a flower to make arrow pass with the corn flakes that we used in the beer industry I met with some manufacturers of era pass in era Paris that existed in the country and they considered our project to be very complicated I thought that if we change the grinding and the humidity of the cornflakes we could get a precooked flour that would not give so much work to the housewife I called a REM Avenger technician to prepare a sample and we got what we wanted launched in 1960 the herring our PA n rapidly gained acceptance among housewives because of the tremendous saving in domestic labor and its high quality topic structural engineering Ibraheim Lopez Garcia caviar 1925 Maracaibo 1994 a visionary like few formed in civil engineering exerted for many years the teaching and the investigation in the Central University of Venezuela and the University of Zulia his practice was based on a careful observation of nature it’s surprising structures and designs he tried to make engineering proposals lighter and fresh optimizing resources and reducing environmental impact as a result of these deep convictions he founded the social ecological movement for the 21 century at the end of the 60s with strong environmental principles he also carried out several construction projects such as the roof of the Jose Perez Colmenares Stadium mary kay a ragu estate in which his new thinking becomes evident with a design inspired by the shape of the palm leaf in 1970 he prepared a challenging work of promotion titled on tops domes and flights that tried to break with some paradigms of the modernity first it criticizes our reliance on fire based technology on combustion by proposing the use of alternative energies he criticizes that humans have been inspired by fish and birds to design aircraft helicopters and submarines since its principle is linear which in its opinion has the result of waste of energy and fuel thanks to a study that for a long time made on the spores shells of turtles and other natural domes proposes the construction of an airship based on the way of moving of these beings his airship model consisted of a large central dome surrounded by a ring of aerodynamic rotating domes that would allow it to travel in the air and even in the water to which is added an engine that applies the laws of electromagnetism topic petroleum engineering Gustavo in chart Perich 1938 Maracaibo Venezuela 2010 Norman Oklahoma graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in petroleum engineering from the University of Oklahoma in 1957 and later revalidated his title at the Universidad del zulia in chart was the first Venezuelan to become chief petroleum engineer for any of Shels group of companies worldwide and after many years of a very successful career in PDVSA was named the first president of int EVP Venezuela’s Technology Research & Development Center in 1998 he was the first Latin American elected as president of the Society of petroleum engineers SPE in 1998 ended his 41 year career in the oil industry as a member of PDVSA Board which was at the time one of the biggest oil companies in the world since 2003 he was a visiting research scholar at the University of Oklahoma in the sakis Energy Center and worked mainly with the Energy Institute of the Americas topic inventors Carlos del Pozo Y Sucre 1743 Calibos o 1814 Gama Guan is probably the first outstanding inventor that Venezuela had Alexander von Humboldt mentions a meeting with this man in 1800 site we found in calabaza in the heart of the plains an electric machine of large discs electro force batteries electrometers a material almost as complete as that of our physicists in Europe all these objects had not been purchased in the United States were the work of a man who had never seen any instrument which no one could consult who did not know the phenomena of electricity more than by reading the treaty of Sagada Lafond joseph hey Nancy gourd elephant and the memoirs of Franklin Benjamin Franklin journey to the equinoctial regions of the new continent in 1804 participated with the spanish scientist Francisco Xavier Bal –mess in the vaccination against smallpox in Venezuela del Pozo was a partisan of the Spanish colonial government and for this reason he received no support from the new independent government established in 1811 he died forgotten in 1814 Johann Gottlieb Benjamin Sigurd Grose waltz 1796 Theo Dada Bolivar 1870 German Surgeon General in simón bolívar’s army who developed the recipe of the called Angostura bitter as a tonic for soldiers affected by upset stomachs and tropical diseases Siegert began to sell it in 1824 and established a distillery for the purpose in 1830 Siegert was based in the town of Angostura now see you dad Bolivar and used locally available ingredients perhaps aided by botanical knowledge of the local Amerindians the product was exported abroad from 1853 used for flavoring cocktails beverages or less often food in 1875 the plant was moved from Thea dad bola to Port of Spain Trinidad where it remains Angostura bitter won a medal at the welt house talung 1873 when the metal is still depicted on the oversized label along with reverse which shows Emperor Franz Joseph the first of Austria in profile the exact formula is a closely guarded secret with only one person knowing the whole recipe past hereditarily Luis Zambrano Bale adores 1901 Tovar 1990 was a Venezuelan self-taught inventor and popular technologist he left formal education after the fourth year of primary school but soon began to develop an interest in mechanics enjoying discovering for himself the speed ratios produced by connecting oranges of different diameters and rotating them by means of Jets of water these gadgets led him to consider new challenges and discover of physical principles in practical ways in his val nuevo workshop near baler doors he empirically and intuitively learned enough about water turbines to generate electricity and mechanics to allow him to create about 50 inventions some of which were Commission’s such as a strawberry peeling machine and a sieve for categorizing garlic and numerous improvements to various different machines despite having lost his right hand to a saw in an accident in 1977 in November 1984 the university of los andes awarded him the title of doctor honoris causa for his useful creative work the first time that this award had been given to a country man he was declared an illustrious son of baler doors and a street in this Meriden village is now named after him Luis Caballero Mejias caracas 1903 caracas 1959 was a venezuelan engineer who invented the precooked maize flour for the era pass in the 1950s the traditional preparation of our wrapper flour is very labor-intensive requiring the pounding of maize in a large mortar boiling and grind Caballero used the profits from his patent to finance a technical school system the precooked flour was later mass produced and sold in larger quantities in 1954 the venezuelan beer and malted drinks company impresses Paulo developed an industrial production method launching the brand Harry no PA n in 1960 the product rapidly gained acceptance among housewives because of the tremendous saving in domestic labor and its high quality the original slogan was se acabó la pila Dara which means no more pounding Harry no PA n has remained essentially unchanged since then as can be seen from the original advertisements Humberto fernandez moran Maracaibo february 18 1924 stockholm March 17 1999 was a Venezuelan research scientist renowned for inventing the diamond knife or scalpel significantly advancing the development of electromagnetic lenses for electron microscopy based on superconducting technology and many other scientific contributions dr.

Fernandes Moran founded the Venezuelan Institute for neurological and brain studies the predecessor of the current Venezuelan Institute of scientific research IV I see in 1958 he was appointed Minister of Education during the last year of the regime of Marcos pérez jiménez and was forced to leave Venezuela when the dictatorship was overthrown he worked with NASA for the Apollo project and taught in many universities such as Massachusetts Institute of Technology University of Chicago and the University of Stockholm in the United States he was proposed to be nominated for the Nobel Prize he rejected the nomination because he would have had to embrace American citizenship which he refused wanting to maintain his Venezuelan nationality among honors and awards includes the John Scott Medal Knight of the Order of the last our Claude Bernard medal Cambridge annual medical prize el Rafael Reif born in Maracaibo August 21st 1950 Venezuelan American electrical engineer inventor and academic administrator descendant of Czech Jews ancestor on July 2nd 2012 was elected president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology succeeding Susan Hockfield the first woman in charge Reif received his undergraduate degree in electrical engineering from the Universidad de Cara Barbra Valencia Venezuela in 1973 he then served for a year as an assistant professor at Universidad Simon Bolivar in Caracas he went to the United States for graduate school earning his doctorate in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 1979 he then spent a year as a visiting assistant professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Stanford his research centered on three-dimensional integrated circuit technologies and on environmentally benign micro electronics fabrication an early champion of MIT’s engagement in micro and nano technologies dr.

Rieff is the inventor or co-inventor on 13 patents has edited or co-edited five books and has supervised 38 doctoral theses ignacio lares born in caracas 1952 graduated as chemist at Simon Bolivar University engaged by int EVP in 1977 led the first investigative sketches referring to heavy oil emulsion surfactant technology that conducted to the or emotion trademark in 1983 in 1985 managed int EVP groups to study the feasibility of using it as fuel for boilers in 1988 the commercialization of this product was in charge of the company bitumen eased l Orinoco sa bi tio our subsidiary of pdvsa finally that same year the first commercial-scale cargo was exported to the chub you electric power plant in Japan the are emulsion developed by Venezuelan scientists represents one of the most significant inventions of the 20th century managing director pdvsa until 2002 when migrated to Mexico in 2005 was chief executive officer of Monclova peroneus gas s a responsible for the technical activities from the planning phase to construction for the company that was awarded the PME x multi services contract of the Piron a a block at IHS a realized technical activities from planning phase to execution of geology reservoir drilling infrastructure operational and maintenance and health security and environment for Vectrex pleurae ssin and production colombia sa since 2013 handle Colombian and Peruvian assets with an operated production of some 200,000 BD of oil and seven exploratory blocks Manuel Rendon born in San Cristobal 1968 Venezuelan chemical engineer graduated at Simon Bolivar University who invented the first published formulation for the degradation of fossil based high-density plastics it is composed of heptane cellulose methyl rhenium trioxide mutilated hydroxy toluene and polyphenol oxidase the additive can be selectively programmed to cause the plastic to begin disintegrating at a predetermined time Gabriele a Rincon Mora born in Caracas in 1972 is a Venezuelan American electrical engineer scientist professor inventor and author who was elevated to the grade of fellow by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers I Triple E in 2011 and to the grade of fellow by the institution of Engineering and Technology IET in 2009 for his contributions to energy harvesting and power conditioning integrated circuits icees Hispanic business magazine voted him one of the 100 most influential Hispanics in 2000 the Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers SHPE awarded him the National Hispanic in technology award in 2000 Florida International University FIU awarded him the Charles E Perry visionary award in 2000 the Georgia Institute of Technology inducted him into its Council of outstanding young engineering alumni in 2000 and former lieutenant governor Cruz Buster Monta of California presented him a commendation certificate in 2001 Rincon Maura grew up in Mary Kay and migrated to the United States when he was 11 years old he graduated at Florida International University as electrical engineer in 1992 Georgia Tech with a Master of Science degree in electrical engineering with a minor in mathematics in 1994 and Georgia Tech with a PhD in electrical engineering in 1996 with a dissertation on current efficient low voltage low dropout regulators advisor professor Phil Allen he worked for Texas Instruments from 1994 to 2003 was an adjunct professor for the school of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Georgia Tech 1999 to 2001 professor at Georgia Tech since 2001 and visiting professor at National cheng-chun University in CKU in Taiwan since 2011 he has written several books chapters of others and over 160 other publications his work has generated 38 patents he has designed over 26 commercial power chip designs and delivered over 95 presentations worldwide as of October 2014 his publications had been cited over 5,200 times his work and research is on the design and development of silicon based Microsystems that draw in conditioned power from tiny batteries fuel cells and generators Honus ambient energy from motion light temperature and radiation to supply mobile portable and self-sustaining devices such as wireless micro sensors for biomedical consumer industrial and military applications he has worked on voltage references low dropout regulators switching DC DC convertors and energy harvesting Microsystems topic mathematics topic calculus when Manuel cadigal y Eduardo Barcelona 1803 you guara Poirot 1856 was a Venezuelan mathematician engineer and statesman orphaned at age seven he was raised in Spain by his cousin once-removed field marshal when Manuel cadigal former captain General of Venezuela and Cuba he studied in the University of alcalá de Henares and later in France finishing his studies in 1828 he returned to Venezuela that year he helped found the Sociedad economy Cadoo amigos del PI East the following year and in 1830 the government appointed him to create and direct the new military academy of mathematics he served on national Congress twice once in 1833 is representative of Caracas and in 1835 as senator of Barcelona province with Jose hermano gildo Garcia and Furman Toro he founded the newspaper correo de Caracas which ran from 1838 to 1841 his works include tratado de Mechanica elemental treatise on fundamental mechanics and curso de astra no mere y memoria so brain integral lays entre limit ace course on astronomy and report on integrals between limits the when Manuel cadigal Naval Observatory in the 23 – an arrow of Caracas metro station Carnot Amarillo when Manuel cadigal municipality in Enzo a key and asteroid minor planet 12350 9 cadigal are named after him fan Sisko J do art Maracaibo 1883 caracas 1972 engineer and mathematician he obtained in 1900 the title of bachelor and surveyor in queer de cabelo in 1902 with only 19 old he dedicated to study of mathematics doing a work on the sine pie up to 200 decimal digits presented the Academy of Sciences of Paris in 1907 graduated in 1908 in the Central University of Venezuela as civil engineer later served as professor of geometry 1909 to 1911 an infinitesimal calculus 1936 to 1939 he studied mathematics at the University of Paris 1920 he was the consul of Venezuela in Geneva 1924 to 1929 director of the astronomical and meteorological observatory when Manuel cadigal 1936 to 1941 he also served for many years as border director of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 1941 to 1968 a position that allowed him to participate in the delimitation of Venezuelan borders with neighboring countries particularly Brazil he chaired the College of Engineers 1937 to 1939 and the Academy of physical mathematical and natural sciences 1941 to 1945 and 1954 to 1957 of which he had been a founding member 1933 throughout his life he maintained a permanent correspondence with scientists from around the world on problems inherent to his specialty and has been considered as one of the most outstanding mathematicians of his time the National astronomical observatory of Llano del Hato are named after him Raymundo chela kalpana 1919 caracas 1965 mathematician of lebanese family graduated as professor of mathematics in the pedagogical institute he worked there uninterruptedly for 16 years between 1942 and 1958 in the Central University of Venezuela founded the Faculty of Sciences in 1959 and was in charge of the School of Mathematics in 1961 he was the first recipient of the Council of scientific and humanistic development of the Central University of Venezuela to study postgraduate studies at King’s College in London where he obtained his doctorate in mathematics in 1963 he was a founding member of the Teachers Association of Venezuela where he held the presidency of the organization on two occasions from 1952 to 1953 and from 1963 to 1965 he was also a corresponding member of the Academy of physical mathematical and natural sciences due to his extensive performance in the chair he formed several generations of students in his specialty and was considered one of the most outstanding mathematicians in Latin America Ignacio era Barron born in Caracas in 1945 graduated in mathematics at the University of Oxford during the 1960’s he began his professorial career more than 40 years ago in the Faculty of engineering of the Central University of Venezuela where he won the chair of mathematical analysis by competition he is professor founder of Simon Bolivar University USB where he held the positions of chief founder of the department of mathematics director founder of the division of physics and mathematics and vice rector academic retired from USB since 1989 he was a senior member of CEO and IC IT national council for scientific and technological research for 19 years until 1994 and served as vice-president of CEO and IC IT for four years president 1992-93 of the board of directors of the fund for the promotion of researchers member of the National Council of education 1989 to 94 member of the Presidential Commission for the study of a national educational project CEO p en 1985-86 visiting professor at the university of oxford 1982 rector of the Metropolitan University 1985 to 94 since 1986 he has occupied the 17 number individual of the Academy of physical mathematical and Natural Sciences he held the presidency of the Academy for the periods 1997 to 1999 and 1999 to 2001 among his mathematical publications are topology of metric spaces Lamesa wiley mexico differential calculation in normalized spaces equinox USB measures and integrals CFM an academy a second course of integration the integral of hen stock kurtzweil equinox USB linear algebra equinox ACF IMA n bodies and theory of galleys equinox ACF IMA n Pedro Perez beard iya born in Caracas on December 11 1959 he received his bachelor’s degree in mathematics from Simon Bolivar University in 1981 and his doctorate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986 he is professor of the department of pure mathematics and Applied Sciences of the Simon Bolivar University Barry’s BTS works cover a wide range of mathematical topics from algebra to graph theories but his most compelling contributions are those dealing with the additive theory of numbers and the theory of proofs of primality he has published 17 scientific articles in prestigious international journals in the field of mathematics and two monographs on proofs of primality and number theory he has been a visiting professor at universities in the United States and Spain and has been a guest lecturer on 10 occasions by universities and research centers in those countries in addition to Uruguay and Chile and has also given 12 invited conferences at various events in Venezuela he has conducted six masters theses in mathematics and received honorable mention for the best scientific work awarded by Co nici T in 1992 he is a reviewer of the important international publication mathematical reviews and member of the system of promotion to the researcher level 2 topic medicine topic experimental medicine Jose Gregorio Hernandez is no.2 1858 Caracas 1919 graduated as a medical doctor at Universidad central de Venezuela in Caracas the Venezuelan government awarded him a grant to continue his studies in Europe Hernandez traveled to Paris France where he studied other fields of medicine such as bacteriology pathology microbiology histology and physiology following his return to Venezuela he became a leading doctor at the hospital Jose Maria Vargas between 1891 and 1916 Hernandez dedicated himself to teaching medicine and religious practice he sought priesthood in two occasions but his fragile physical conditions would ultimately prevent him from achieving that status he studied at the monastery of Lucca in Italy for 10 months in 1908 in 1913 he enrolled at the Latin American Pio School of Rome to continue the priestly career but had to return to Venezuela for health reasons among the scientific publications of this famous Venezuelan are the elements of bacteriology 1906 about the angina pectoris of malarek origin 1909 and the elements of philosophy 1912 dr.

Hernandez treated the poor for free and even bought the medicines with his own money one day in 1919 while bringing medicine to the home of one of his patients in Caracas Hernandez was struck by a car and killed he is currently in the process of beatification and subsequent canonization after which in 1986 the pope john paul ii solemnly declared his heroic virtues for which he was granted the title of venerable Auguste pi I Sonia Barcelona 1879 Theo Dada de Mexico 1965 graduate in medicine at the University of Barcelona in 1899 gained a doctorate at the University of Madrid in nineteen with a thesis on anaerobic life he worked as an assistant professor of physiology in Barcelona in 1902 under Ramon Cole I puyol and in 1904 obtained the chair in the university of seville in 1906 he presided over the executive committee of the first Congress of Hygiene of Catalonia and in 1907 resigned to the chair to return to Barcelona to dedicate itself to the investigation in 1914 was named professor of physiology of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Barcelona of which in 1916 happened to be full professor from then until he went into exile he devoted himself to medicine he created a physiological Research Centre in the Barcelona municipal laboratory led by REM Montero I Dada who was his friend and considered himself a disciple from his experiments with animals he made various discoveries about reflexes physical stimuli and their influence on respiration in 1920 he went to direct the Institute of physiology of the Commonwealth where he created a school of certain international prestige in 1912 he founded the Catalan society of biology was president of the Barcelona Royal Academy of Medicine between 1926 and 1939 and was director of the publication trebles de la société de biologic to 1938 where he published most of his works after the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1939 he was exiled with his family to Paris and from there to Caracas after receiving an invitation from the Venezuelan government to work as professor of physiology in the Faculty of Medicine of the Central University of Venezuela in 1940 he also directed the Institute of experimental medicine where he formed the school of physiology like that of Barcelona from 1946 he worked as a professor of biochemistry and since 1942 as professor of by ecology and biochemistry at the national pedagogical institute of caracas in 1955 nationalization as Venezuelan PI Sonia wrote in Caracas ten books and two novels apart from the essays and monographs collected in scientific journals and in cultural publications which is an inventory of great value that earned him the Kalinga prize granted by UNESCO in 1955 Francisco Devine Enzi Caracas March 12th 1917 Caracas September 12 1987 was a Venezuelan doctor scientist and academic descendant of Italian immigrants graduated at the Central University of Venezuela in 1942 completed a master’s in biochemistry at Yale University in 1945 he became a professor in the Faculty of Medicine of the Central University of Venezuela first in Physiology then in pathology and later in pathophysiology like other professors he resigned in 1951 in protest at decree 321 of the military junta which ended the autonomy of the university in 1950 Deven anzi founded the Venezuelan Association for the Advancement of science a civic which publishes the journal ACTA scientific ivenna solana in 1951 with Marcel Roche and other scientists founded the Institute of medical research of the Luis Roche foundation at the fall of the military government in 1958 francisco de Ven and Z is appointed president of the governing body at ucv where he favors the return of professors retired from the University during the political crisis of 1952 and helps to establish the new University law he was elected rector from January 7 1959 a post he held until 1963 besides being a tireless experimenter who published numerous reports in international journals such as actor physiological latinoamericana and actor scientific of Venice Alana Francisco de Ven and Z was a passionate promoter of knowledge culture and political pluralism he founded several important initiatives for local science progress remaining active until his later years despite the slowly progressing disability which undermined his physical health memories of the Venezuelan Institute for scientific research topic internal medicine Marcelle rush raucous August 15 1920 Miami may 3rd 2003 was a physician researcher and scientific leader graduated in medicine at Johns Hopkins Medical School in Baltimore in 1946 he specialized in endocrinology and nuclear medicine before returning to Venezuela in 1951 he carried out biomedical research for some time at the New York Institute of Public Health in Venezuela dr.

Rausch started several pioneering works as an assistant professor of the Central University of Venezuela on goiter hookworm infections and nutritional deficiencies and anemias especially among the poor and Aboriginal people he was founder and director of the institute of medical research at the central university and in 1958 he also became the secretary-general of the Venezuelan Association for the Advancement of science a civic other institutions directed by him were the institute of neurology and brain investigation reorganized by him in 1959 as the venezuelan institute for scientific research IV i see he was founder and director of the Venezuelan National Council of scientific investigation and the magazine into science here as well as being involved in the publishing of several other scientific periodicals dr.

Roche was also a pioneer in the area of public understanding of science and a pioneer in the production of TV programs and documentary films on many science subjects he was very active in promoting science to the public and participated in many national and international organizations promoting science dr. Roche was an adviser of the WHO and UNESCO as governor of the International Atomic Energy Agency 1958 to 1960 President of the Council of the University of the United Nations in Tokyo and secretary of the third world Academy of Sciences he received many honours and degrees from Belgium Germany France the United States India and Raziel he won the Kalinga prize in 1987 from UNESCO for his work Fouad legend born in Caracas August 8 1928 graduated as physician at Central University of Venezuela ucv in 1951 with specialization in internal medicine and gastroenterology chief of the sections of neuropharmacology neuro chemistry and stress institute of experimental medicine of Central University of Venezuela president of the Venezuelan society of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics he has published more than 240 papers on results of clinical physiological pharmacological and psychiatric research carried out by his team and is today a reviewer for several American and European scientific journals he has addressed national and international scientific congresses on gastroenterology physiology pharmacology psychosomatic psychiatry and psychoneuroimmunology conferences by invitation to the research units of pharmaceutical companies such as Sandoz Basel Lille Indianapolis Janssen Belgium and Bristol New York in 2001 dr.

Legend has been nominated for the Nobel Prize of medicine based on the new treatment of bronchial asthma and myasthenia gravis developed and published by his research group emeritus professor of general pathology and physio pathology at the Faculty of Medicine Central University of Venezuela topic surgery Jose Maria Vargas La Guaira March 10th 1786 New York City April 13th 1854 graduated with a degree in philosophy from the seminary Oh Tridentine Oh obtained in 1809 his medical title from the real Y Pontifical University at de Caracas Vargas was imprisoned by the Spanish in 1813 for revolutionary activities upon his release in 1813 he traveled to Scotland for medical training in the University of Edinburgh Vargas performed cataract surgery he was one of the earliest oculist’s eye surgeons in Puerto Rico after his arrival there in 1817 he returned to Venezuela to practice medicine and surgery in 1825 elected as president of Venezuela in 1835 to 1836 he resigned his charge in 1836 in 1839 Vargas receives from the President Pires office an oil bottle found in patanjali’s located in the canton of the lower Orinoco he submits it to various physical chemical analyzers involved the fractional distillation and wrote a much more complete report than there silliman report which was written sixteen years later and which nevertheless appears in text as the first scientific report on oil his final paragraph confirms the wisdom of Vargas this finding is more precious and worthy of congratulation than that of the minds of silver and gold it amazes that such phrase was written decades before the invention of the engine to explosion that uses petroleum derivates to move all the cars and airplanes in the 20th century luis Rossetti caracas september 10th 1862 to May 14th 1932 was a surgeon who supported and managed a number of advances in the progress of Venezuelan medicine he is considered the driving force in the Renaissance of the Venezuelan medicine concerning education research centers and medical practices in vain whele one of the two schools of medicine of the Central University of Venezuela bears his name Rossetti gained his doctorate in medicine from the Central University of Venezuela August 4th 1884 – a month to turn 22 years old so a few days later traveled to the countryside where he played his first professional years particularly in the States Lara zulia and the Andes back to Caracas after five years 1884 1889 in 1890 he moved to Paris where he made his postgraduate studies 1890 1890 Third’s specializing in surgery and obstetrics the influence of the French school dominant then made a deep and lasting impression on his mind although he continued to draw on other sources which is evident in his admiration for Santiago Ramon y Cajal Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel among his most notable contributions may mention in chronological order as follows the founding of the Society of Physicians and Surgeons of Caracas 1893 the establishment of clinical teaching in the Central University of Venezuela the establishment of the contests of internship and externship hospitals 1895 the reform of the chairs of anatomy and operative medicine 1895 1896 the founding of the College of Physicians of Venezuela 1902 the foundation of the National Academy of Medicine 1904 which was permanent secretary the creation of the Venezuelan Congress of Medicine 1911 Miguel Perez carreño Valencia 1904 Caracas 1966 was a physician researcher scientist University professor and writer he graduated with a bachelor’s degree from the Central University of Venezuela with his thesis called color animal and more heat in 1920 he re-entered the university to study medicine and before graduating he worked as a clinical monitor he earned a PhD in medical sciences in October 1926 with the presentation of the thesis Otto Ciro terapia de los de reims Otto serum therapy of effusions and then devoted himself largely as a teacher between 1933 and 1934 he completed his academic training at hospitals of New York City Paris and Vienna he considered diagnosis and art that had to be accomplished not only through clinical history but through long sustained conversation with the patient about their health problems and living conditions beginning in 1936 he worked on the study analysis and evaluation of definitive treatment for surgical diseases in Venezuela he did a series of interventions including pacer crow nerve resection in the treatment of pelvic neuralgia resection of the rectum with contra natural permanent Hannam 1932 ovarian homograft 1936 the new technique of lymphatic blockade in infectious processes carried out with electrosurgery linked with sulfonamides era P 1938 the radical cure of rectal prolapse with fascia Lata upon your OSIS of the thigh Legation of the femoral artery by gangrene and embolectomy by phlebitis he also contributed to improving the treatment of banty syndrome abnormal growth of the spleen and portal hypertension usually caused by liver cirrhosis active in the Caracas polyclinic the Jose Maria Vargas Hospital and the University Hospital Perez carreño was head of descriptive practical Anatomy procedures head of surgical medicine chief of clinical surgery and Dean of the Faculty of Medicine among other duties he spent part of his last years on cancer research the hospital belonging to the National Institute of Social Security located to the west of Caracas bears his name Rene Sotelo caracas 1961 is one of the most experienced laparoscopic robotic surgeons internationally he received his medical degree from Central University of Venezuela and has been in practice for more than 20 years from prestigious hospitals of Venezuela and Mexico he is a pioneer in robotic surgery for complex urinary fistula in females and males benign prostate enlargement and inguinal lymph node dissection for cancer he has helped develop the novel concepts of single port belly button and natural orifice surgery his experience with advanced robotic and laparoscopic surgery exceeds 2300 personal cases making him amongst the most experienced in the world he has published more than 50 peer-reviewed scientific papers free textbooks and 28 chapters in major urology books he also serves on the editorial board of three urologic journals in recognition of his work dr.

Su Taylor has been invited as international guest lecturer in more than 35 universities in 19 countries his unique skills and large personal experience in minimally invasive laparoscopic and robotic surgery are well known he is a passionate teacher having taught his techniques and best practices in 19 countries as an invited guest to date he has trained over sixty four postgraduate fellows from 14 countries in the art and science of minimally invasive urology it is because of these seminal achievements that dr. Sotelo was selected to join the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine his passion for surgical innovation advancing the field and worldwide teaching coincides with and further strengthens the philosophy at the USC Institute of urology topic physics topic astrophysics Jullian chela Flores born June 13 1942 in Caracas astrobiologist and physicists known for his contributions to the field of planetary habitability he lived in England where he studied in the University of London obtaining a PhD in quantum mechanics in 1969 from 1971 until 1990 he worked in academic matters continually especially in research at the center of physics the Venezuelan Institute for scientific research full research in 1978 and at the physics department Simon Bolivar University full professor 1980 both in Caracas he is full professor at honorum at the institute for advanced studies idea caracas having been a co-founder of idea in 1980 since 1994 he is an associate member of the Dublin Institute of Advanced Studies and International Centre for Theoretical Physics I TCP in Trieste his field of research is astrobiology in other words the science of the origin evolution distribution and destiny of life in the universe especially life on Europa the Jovian satellite humberto Campion’s born in Barquisimeto 1946 is an international expert on asteroids and comets he attended the University of Kansas where he earned a bachelor’s degree in astronomy he went on to the University of Arizona where he earned a PhD in planetary sciences as a graduate student he was named a representative to the committee for peaceful uses of outer space of the General Assembly of the United Nations he conducts research at observatories around the world including Arizona Chile France Hawaii Spain and the Vatican in 2010 he discovered water ice and organic molecules on the asteroid 24 Themis and later on 65 cyberbully adding weight to the growing theory that earth’s water may have come from asteroids his expertise have landed him on NASA and European Space Agency teams preparing interplanetary vehicles that will launch in the coming few years including the osiris-rex project and the Marco Polo our mission since 2002 worked at the University of Central Florida and University of Arizona he has earned several prestigious awards including a Fulbright and the don qui chota award the asteroid 3327 campaigns was named after him Gustavo bruce’ll born in Caracas August 2nd 1949 astronomer and PhD degree in 1981 from the University of California in Berkeley USA his thesis versed on spectral evolution of galaxies then after he joined the staff at Centro de investigaciones de astronomia CID a in Merida Venezuela where he served for more than 30 years including 21 years as director of the center his research is centered on evolutionary population synthesis and modeling the spectral evolution of galaxies his work in collaboration with s Charlet I ap France has become a landmark in the field their three papers together have received over 6200 citations the Bruce well and Charlet 2003 models have proven very useful in deriving the physical properties of galaxies of different types observed in large galaxies surveys like the sdss allowing to characterize galaxies at various red shifts as belonging to the red sequence or the blue cloud and providing an estimate of the stellar mass and its growth rate in these systems currently G bruce’ll is working on improving different aspects of stellar population synthesis like the treatment of TPA G B and W are stars in spectral evolution models actually his investigator titular at the Centro de Radio astronomia Y Astrophysical crier in the more Elia campus of the Universidad Nacional autónoma de mer Sacco UN a.m.

And professor at the UN a.m. graduate program in astrophysics topic particle physics mailee Sanchez born in Caracas 1972 Venezuelan born particle physicist who researchers at Iowa State University in 2011 she was awarded the presidential early career awards for scientists and engineers pecase the highest honor given by the United States to beginning scientists who are in the early stages of their research careers in 2013 she was named by the BBC as one of the top 10 women scientists in Latin America at Universidad de los Andes Lula in Merida completed an undergraduate degree in physics in 1995 and won a scholarship for postgraduate work at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste Italy earning her diploma in high-energy physics in 1996 she was accepted into a doctoral program at Tufts University outside of Boston Massachusetts and completed her PhD in 2003 after graduation Sanchez worked as postdoctoral researcher at Harvard University in 2007 she was hired as assistant physicist at the u.s.

Energy Department’s Argonne National Laboratory in 2009 she joined the faculty of Iowa State University where she is now an associate professor of physics and astronomy and castling family professor her research is part of the long baseline neutrino experiment Jun which is planned to send an intense beam of neutrinos from the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia Illinois to a detector located at the Homestake mine in South Dakota the experiment is designed to help scientists understand how the universe formed and why neutrinos change form especially when they pass through Rock Sanchez is also working on the main injector neutrino oscillation search and known UA experiments designed to study neutrino oscillations sent from Fermilab detectors in northern Minnesota and she is a spokesperson of the accelerator neutrino Neutron interaction experiment Andy at Fermilab in 2012 the White House announced that Sanchez was one of the 2011 pecase award winners which is the highest award granted by the United States to young scientists beginning their careers in 2013 she was named by the BBC as one of the top 10 women scientists in Latin America topic theoretical physics luis herrera comida born December 20th 1946 is a Venezuelan relativity physicist whose research focuses on the study of anisotropy the extended thermodynamics exact and semi numeric solutions axial symmetric solutions alternative approaches to detect gravitational radiation using gyroscopes and recently about the relevance of super energy and super pointing in general relativity Herrera is emeritus professor in the escuela de física at Universidad central de Venezuela and currently his visiting professor at the instituto Universitario de physical fundamental y madam atticus universidad de salamanca spain he helped to found the relativity and field seminar at universidad simon bolivar he is considered an authority in anisotropic effects on gravitational collapse he is a pioneer in the heritage of symmetries within general relativity and in the application of extended thermodynamics for Astrophysical scenarios Herrera is known for semi numerical approaches to self-gravitating objects later interpreted as the post quasi static approximation with a wide application spectrum in relativistic astrophysics and basically in the spherical context recently 2011 he one of honorific mentioned for his essay on the meaning of general covariance and the relevance of observers in general relativity topic Social Sciences topic education adolf ernst prim canal Silesia Kingdom of Prussia today presento Poland October 6th 1832 Caracas Venezuela August 12th 1899 was a Prussian born scientist Ernst settled in Venezuela in 1861 where he taught at the Universidad central de Venezuela he became the most important scientist in the country during the second half of the 19th century and was a key figure in the creation of the Museum of Natural Science and the National Library of Venezuela where he also served as its director he developed important scientific works in botany zoology and ethnography he also did work in geography geology language anthropology physics paleontology and archaeology he is regarded as the founder of the venezuelan positivist school and marked influence on generations of scientists in Venezuela Luis Alberto Machado Caracas January 21st 1932 Caracas February 23rd 2016 Venezuelan lawyer author and politician he was best known for his ideas about the malleability of intelligence he asserted in his books and writings on the subject that perceived limits on intelligence are false and are primarily tied to upbringing and social conditioning he argued that through careful environmental stimulation especially in the early stages of child development intelligence can be developed indefinitely and exponentially throughout life as a politician he stated that a nation’s collective intellectual power was its greatest asset the president luis herrera Campins 1979 to 1984 appointed him as minister of intellectual development a cabinet post created specifically for advancing and applying his ideas with government backing this program was known as the intelligence project and although given a small budget resulted in a number of public initiatives aimed at improving educational opportunities in Venezuela the project was ended in 1984 by President Jamie losin Qi but left behind the legacy in authors related to intelligence as Edward de Bono Martin Seligman Howard Gardner and Robert Sternberg his experience has been developed in Mexico China Israel and South Africa topic sociology Lisandro Alvaro Tokio Lara state September 19 1858 Valencia Kara Barbeau State April 10th 1929 Venezuelan physician naturalist historian linguist and falala gist this eminent scientists overcome his poverty and in 1888 managed to graduate of doctor in the Central University of Venezuela he then began a professional career that would lead him to practice medicine and philanthropy in all regions of Venezuela he conduct Studies on folklore ethnography zoology botany and linguistics lasondra Alvarado produced a copious printed work that includes 24 books in numerous essays among the first are ideas on the evolution of Spanish in Venezuela glossary of indigenous voices phonetic alterations of Spanish in Venezuela neurosis of famous men history of the federal revolution in Venezuela and crimes politicians of our history also translated seven of the nine volumes referred to Venezuela from alejandro de Humboldt’s journey to the equinoctial regions of the new continent into spanish from his original language he was a fervent disciple of the positivism sponsored in Venezuela by dr.

Adolf Ernst he belonged to the academies of Medicine history and language and was a corresponding member of numerous foreign scientific corporations the national academy of history holds in custody and unpublished collection of his manuscripts Maria Ellen Americo valera born in Valencia Spain April 17th 1938 social scientist specializing in the learning of organizational change professional musician of the conservatory of Valencia 1960 graduate in education 1978 and doctor in social sciences 1996 at the Central University of Venezuela it’s main contribution to education and the productive world is to maintain a line of research in social sciences from 1969 to the present aimed at decoding change in organizations as social cells resulting in their theory of learning organizational change 1992-1994 and then the work education system set 1996 to 2005 that would put theory into action thus proposing a systemic option to approach organizational change Alda morrow Romero jr. born in Caracas September 11 1951 is a Venezuelan American scientist communicator an advocate of liberal arts education while an undergraduate student in biology at the university state de Barcelona in Spain Romero volunteered at the Museum of Zoology later renamed this Museum of Natural Sciences where he created the hydro biology section and led a group of other undergraduates to work on aquatic organisms reorganizing some of the collections and re identifying some of the mislabeled specimens he also volunteered working at the Museum of geology of the seminar EO conciliar of Barcelona where he described several new species of middle triassic 240 to 235 million years old horseshoe crabs and a set of fossils that he described as an entirely new group subphylum of animals never reported to science before he is known for his approaches of combining field laboratory and archival studies from different disciplines Romero has held a long career as environmentalist founder of Hong Bao ma educator and academic administrator emigrated to USA he served as Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville until 2014 and became Dean of the George and Mildred vice Minh School of Arts and Sciences at Baruch College City University of New York effective July 2016 he has published more than 1,000 works more than 20 books and monographs produced directed written and/or hosted more than 1500 radio programs and 50 TV shows and documentaries in areas ranging from science to history and philosophy topic science journalism Aristides bass genus San Pablo March 12 1924 Caracas September 23rd 1992 was a Venezuelan journalist educator and scientist and was one of the pioneers of what is termed as science journalism in Venezuela he moved to Caracas with his family in 1936 settling in a modest neighborhood in the south of the capital he studied there but did not complete studies because the family economic pressure forced him to perform various jobs until 1945 when started in print journalism he sympathized with the resistance against the regime of Marcos pérez jiménez 1948 to 1958 a self-taught scientist from 1968 to 1981 he directed the science page of the Sunday newspaper El Nacional where from 1971 until his death he wrote the daily column la ciencia hommina he considered the popularization of science as a tool to achieve technological self-determination and culture of countries he co-founded the Oboro American Association of science journalists Association a burro Americana de period is most scientific Oh in 1969 for his contribution to the development of science journalism Bastidas received recognition from the governments of Venezuela and Spain and the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO which awarded him the Kalinga Prize Paris 1980 maricella Salvatierra merida 1952 caracas 2003 was a venezuelan journalist who dedicated her professional life to the diffusion and education on environmental topics she was a Venezuelan radio phonic host and editor of environmentally oriented books and magazines in 2002 she became the first female science journalist to win the Kalinga prize of UNESCO topic technology topic computer science Manuel Blum born in Caracas April 26 1938 Venezuelan computer scientist who received the Turing award in 1995 in recognition of his contributions to the foundations of computational complexity theory and its application to cryptography and program checking Blum was educated at MIT where he received his bachelor’s degree in his master’s degree in EECS in 1959 and 1961 respectively and his PhD in mathematics in 1964 supervised by Marvin Minsky he worked as a professor of computer science at the University of California Berkeley until 1999 he is currently the Bruce Nelson professor of computer science at Carnegie Mellon University where his wife Lenore Blum and son Avram Blum are also professors of computer science in the 60s he developed an axiomatic complexity theory which was independent of concrete machine models the theory is based on gödel numbering x’ and the Blum axioms even though the theory is not based on any machine model it yields concrete results like the compression theorem the gap theorem the honesty theorem and the Blum speed-up theorem some of his other work includes a protocol for flipping a coin over a telephone median of medians a linear time selection algorithm the Blum Blum sharpshooter random number generator the Blum goldwasser cryptosystem and more recently captures in 2002 he was elected to the United States National Academy of Sciences christina amon born in caracas 1959 graduated as mechanical engineer at Simon Bolivar University in 1981 continued her education at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where she earned her MA and SCD degrees in 1985 and 1988 respectively Amon joined the Carnegie Mellon University in 1988 and later become director of the Institute for complex engineered systems in 1999 she became the Raymond J Lane distinguished professor of mechanical engineering in 2001 Heyman’s research pioneered the development of computational fluid dynamics CFD for formulating and solving thermal design problems subject to multidisciplinary competing constraints this led to her creation of a multi-stage concurrent thermal design methodology based on hierarchical model refinement which combines CFD non-deterministic experiments and Bayesian statistics her research has advanced the scientific foundation of heat transfer enhancement by flow destabilization and hemodynamics mass transport in biological systems including aortic aneurisms and intravenous blood oxygenators she has made pioneering contributions to concurrent thermal designs innovation in electronics cooling and transient thermal management of wearable computers more recently her research group has been focused on developing numerical algorithms for submicron and nano scale heat transport in semiconductors molecular dynamics lattice Boltzmann method and phonon Boltzmann transport in 2006 was appointed as Dean of Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering University of Toronto at the same time she was appointed as alumni chair professor in bioengineering at the department of mechanical and industrial engineering her achievements in education covered the whole spectrum of integrating education research and engineering practice dedicated to outreach she co-developed engineering your future the Society of Women Engineers workshop for female and minority high school students and moving forth into engineering an outreach program targeted toward 4th graders other major projects include the development of the identity privacy and security Institute which works in collaboration with policymakers regulatory agencies and industry plus multidisciplinary centers in sustainable energy and global engineering in 2003 she received the Hispanic engineer national achievement Education Award and in 2005 she was named one of America’s most important Hispanics in technology in business evelyn mirai born in caracas 1967 is a pioneer of virtual reality at nasa since 1992 has worked at the Johnson Space Center’s virtual reality laboratory in Houston Texas where she is the principal engineer and Technology strategist Mira has been supporting space shuttle and International Space Station missions her first project was building a 3d model of a habitat on the moon it was not feasible but could possibly be used in the future for a mission to Mars Mira was the co-author of the dynamic onboard ubiquitous graphics Doug which has been used since 1993 for training in virtual reality by astronauts of sts-61 mission who repaired the Space Telescope Hubble and then for all the other missions she worked also in the space station ISS designing the structure and work steps for the astronauts Santiago schnell born in Caracas on October 6 1971 is a biophysical chemist and computational and mathematical biologists schnell received his initial training in biological science from Universidad Simon Bolivar and doctorate in mathematical biology from the University of Oxford England United Kingdom he pursued his doctoral and postdoctoral research under the supervision of Philip main I FRS in the Wolfson Centre for mathematical biology at the University of Oxford he is professor of molecular and integrative physiology a um brain investigator in the brain Centre for babies research and professor of computational medicine and bioinformatics at the University of Michigan he is considered a leader in mathematical biology computational biology and chemical kinetics his methods for modeling enzyme catalyzed reactions and reactions inside cells are one of the fast-moving frontiers in computational biology according to the Institute for scientific information Chanel’s laboratory investigates biochemical and biological systems comprising many interacting components where modeling in theory may aid in the identification of the key mechanisms underlying the behavior of the system as a whole the primary focus on his research is bio chemical kinetics protein homeostasis and protein folding diseases topic materials technology estrella de Laredo born in Melilla Spain February 7 1940 is a Venezuelan researcher and academic in the area of the material science graduated from the French Lyceum regnal Tangier Morocco as bachelor in mathematics obtained a degree in physics from the University of Paris in 1962 and three years later obtained the PhD in crystallography at the same institution she moved to Venezuela where she worked at the venezuelan institute of scientific research IV i see between 1965 and 1973 in 1970 she was contracted as professor by the department of physics of the Simon Bolivar University and from 1975 is titular professor in 1996 was awarded with the National prize of Sciences physical mention of the IV I see she founded the laboratory of solid-state physics and a VF ima C group both in the Simon Bolivar University she is member of the Venezuelan Association for the Advancement of science a civic of the American physics society and of the European Society of Physics she has authored or edited 33 books or monographs and co-authored more than 100 refereed publications she is recipient of the National Prize for science physical mention awarded by the National Council for scientific and technological research his work in the technique of thermo stimulated currents of polarization and depolarization for the analysis of materials are outstanding in 2007 she was named emeritus researcher for the researcher promotion system and in 2009 she is named emeritus professor of the Simon Bolivar University topic scientific institutions based on article 110 of the constitution of 1999 the Venezuelan government has established policies to promote the development of Science and Technology in the country these policies are aimed at promoting technological independence the development of science and technology for social inclusion and boosting the country’s capacity in these areas the ministry of popular power for university education science and technology promotes plans and programs to support this national sector one of the pillars of the government’s approach to promoting science has been mission science a program founded in 2006 the National Fund for science technology and innovation for NASA as well as other entities including the national observatory of science technology and innovation octi provides support to different institutions scientific groups innovators and technologists in order to generate proposals that offer solutions to problems of health industry safety housing food among others the National Foundation for development and investigation of free technologies cen di tal has proposed the creation of a platform that offers the necessary services for the development of free technologies as well as free software throughout the nation with the goal of achieving technological sovereignty this means that Venezuela will not have to rely on others countries to gain access to technologies necessary for the well-being of its own the Venezuelan Institute for scientific research IV I see is a Research Institute and graduate training in Venezuela founded on February 9 1959 by government decree has its origins in the Venezuelan institute of neurology and brain research IV n IC which dr.

Humberto Fernandes Moran founded in 1955 the centro de investigaciones de astronomia nova and cisco je do art in 1975 for promoting observation investigation experimentation theoretical work and dissemination of research in the field of astronomy Venezuela’s main astronomical observatory is the Llano del hat o national astronomical observatory located 3,600 metres above sea level in the Venezuelan Andes providing high-level training this is all carried out with a strong sense of the social relevance and technological independence of the country to help build a just equitable democratic and participatory system it participates in the quasar equatorial survey team the Institute of Venezuelan petroleum technology int e vep is the research arm of petróleos de Venezuela sa PDVSA inter vet developed projects in the areas of oil exploration production and refining in 1976 the construction project for the facilities and laboratories of int EVP was started located in what until that year had been a Jesuit seminary called Villa pignite le chosen for meeting the ideal conditions of geographical location in June 1979 intv vep was incorporated as a trading company a subsidiary of petróleos de Venezuela currently it is the headquarters of the metropolitan social district for the Altos mirandy knows and has the coordination of the Reba’s mercy on Venezuela has a Space Agency agency a believe Ariana para activities espacial z– and control three stationary satellites Simon Bolivar Miranda and Sucre topic see also ven es 81 education in Venezuela list of universities in Venezuela

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